Historical background

The Trans Kalahari Corridor (TKC) is tripartite trans-boundary Corridor Management  Institution which was established with a political and economic vision  to pursue or contribute towards deeper regional integration programmes of SADC, SACU and indeed NEPAD.

This is to be achieved by linking the port of Walvis Bay on the west coast to the port of Maputo on the east coast of Africa -Coast to Coast (C2C). The TKC connects highways of Namibia commencing at the Port of Walvis Bay through Kanye and Lobatse in Botswana to South Africa mainly to the industrial heartland of the greater Gauteng. This corridor is known for providing a short transport link across the entire breadth of the Southern Africa sub- continent. Compared to the traditional southern Namibia routes to South Africa's Gauteng, TKC cuts the distance by 400 kilometers, making it a more preferred route providing cost effective logistical advantages to users.

The TKC as it is well known by users therefore provides a direct route for the increasing demand for the trade between Southern Africa and Europe and the Americans.

Enabling environment

In compliance with the SADC Protocol on Transport, Communication and Metereology, the Governments of Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, normally referred to as the TKC Governments, established a TK Corridor Planning/Management Committee in 1999. TKC's success can be attributed to the inherent political will by these three Governments and the involvement of the private sector in a Public Private Partnership (PPP) arrangement.

The PPP arrangement originates from a trilateral agreement signed between the TKC Governments through a signed legal instrument - the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on the Development and Management of the Trans Kalahari Corridor.

The MOU was signed by the Ministers responsible for Transport of the three countries on the 3rd day of November 2003. The signing of the MOU cements the commitment of the three Governments to achieving the transport objectives of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) which recommends to "working with regional organisations to develop transport development  corridors". This commitment can be viewed in the context of attaining the goal of reducing transport costs and transit times to increase competitiveness of goods produced within the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and indeed advocates and/or operationalise the Trade Facilitation instruments  of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).

Key benefits of the TKC MOU

  • The spatial, economic and transportation planning for the TKC will be integrated.
  • Harmonisation of conflicting Regulations and Policies of the three countries on the corridor will greatly enhance deeper regional integration consistent with the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP).
  • Integration of Trade, Transport, Logistics and Traveller systems of the three counties with the objective of providing quality services at minimal costs, thereby increasing competitiveness of the SADC region.


Since its establishment in 2000, the TKC prides itself of harmonising substantial cross border procedures consistent with Regional integration & international best practices, namely:

  • Adoption of streamlined legislations and harmonised Customs procedures to facilitate transit traffic along the corridor.
  • Successful introduction and implementation of a single Administrative Document (SAD 500)
  • Adoption of common transit procedures.
  • Harmonisation of Border operating hours from 22h00 to 00h00 midnights at Mamuno (Botswana) and Trans Kalahari  (Namibia) and Pioneer Gate (Botswana) and Skilpadshek (South Africa) border posts.
  • Harmonisation of axle load limits.
  • Adoption of a common through bond to cover the movement of goods along the entire corridor, thus replacing multiple bond systems that existed before.
  • Reduction of border clearance (dwell) time from over several hours to less than 1 hour with a minimum of 30 minutes clearance if all documentation meet requirements.
  • Increased commercial and passenger traffic from less than 5% in 2000 to nearly 50% (commercial) and over 60% (passenger) in 2008.
  • Adoption of a multi year Strategic Plan that directs focus on key sector deliverables namely: Customs & Transit facilitation; Transport & Business Development and Marketing.




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